“As Vietnam looks at the issue, Chinese oil survey vessel Haiyang Dizhi 8 and its escorts have continued seriously violating Vietnam’s sovereignty and jurisdiction right in its exclusive economic zone and continental shelf,” she said at a news briefing on Thursday.
She said Vietnam’s sovereignty and jurisdiction over the waters are recognized by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) signed in 1982.
Vietnam has made its point about the negative impacts caused by the operation of these vessels to the relations of the two nations as well as the peace and stability in the East Sea.
“For all these reasons, Vietnam demands that China immediately stops this activity and remove the vessels,” she said
Regarding recent statements by China on Vietnam’s economic activities in Vietnamese waters, she said the nation has consistently affirmed that all of its maritime economic activities, including oil and gas exploitation, are deployed within the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and continental shelf that completely belongs to Vietnam, as defined by the UNCLOS, of which both Vietnam and China are members.
Hang emphasized that the UNCLOS was the only legal basis for nations to identify their waters. This has been followed by all nations and is recognized by both international courts and reputed international lawyers.
There is no nation that can make demands about waters in the East Sea that go beyond what has been regulated by the UNCLOS, she stressed again.
“Illegal, unsuitable claims against UNCLOS cannot be the basis for asserting that disputed or overlapping waters exist in the East Sea. Acts that hinder Vietnam’s oil and gas activities in its waters are violations of international law and the UNCLOS,” Hang said.
Chinese oil survey vessel Haiyang Dizhi 8 and escorts returned to Vietnamese waters near the Vanguard Bank in the East Sea, internationally known as the South China Sea, on August 13.
The ship and its escorts had left the nation’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and continental shelf on August 7 after occupying Vietnamese sea territory for about a month.
Hang’s latest statement is the third time withdraws the vessels after their return.
Hang also said Thursday that Chinese crane vessel Lan Jing, one of the largest crane ships in the world, had sailed past Vietnam’s EEZ recently.
“The vessel’s activities are being observed by Vietnamese authorities in accordance with international laws,” she said.
Under UNCLOS, ships are allowed to sail past other countries’ EEZ but not to conduct surveillance activities without permission.
Hang also opposed China’s deploying a network of drones earlier this month to watch over the islands and reefs of the East Sea.
“All activities by other parties in Vietnamese waters without Vietnam’s permission are illegal and invalid,” she said.
She applauded the international community for sharing concerns on unilateral activities in the East Sea, referring to a joint statement issued by Germany, France and the U.K. last month calling for peace and stability in the waterway.
The issue of Chinese vessels infringing Vietnamese waters in the South China Sea cast a shadow earlier over the 52nd ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting held in Bangkok, Thailand, between July 29 and August 3.
Vietnam’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Pham Binh Minh had denounced China’s activities at the ASEAN meeting, calling them illegal and serious violations of Vietnam’s sovereignty and jurisdiction rights.
His counterparts from the U.S., Japan and Australia also expressed concerns at the meeting over aggressive intimidation of legitimate oil and gas activities in the South China Sea.